Thursday, 8 March 2018

We Care You For TMJ Pain

TMJ (or) the temporomandibular joint connects the lower jaw (mandible) to the temporal bone. These joints are flexible, move up and down, side to side and allow us to talk, yawn and chew. The muscle surrounds the jaw joint control its position and movement.

TMJ disorder is mainly responsible for the function and movements of the joint, the surrounding muscles. The TMJ specialist divides the TMJ disorder into three categories.

Myofascial Pain:
There would be a pain or discomfort in the muscles that control the jaw function.
Internal Derangement: The joint involved in the jaw movement may have displaced discs or a dislocated jaw or even a condyle injury.
Arthritis: This problem generally affects all joints and it causes inflammatory joints. These disorders may affect the TMJ.

Causes of TMJ disorder:

  • Severe trauma
  • Abnormal biting and chewing may increase the problem
  • Hormonal factors, especially in women sex hormone Estrogen is involved in TMJ occurrence. It has been revealed that lower estrogen levels may trigger TMJ pain to a higher extent.
  • Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Juvenile arthritis and other bone disorders may cause TMJ disorder
  • Teeth gritting, jaw clenching, nocturnal bruxism, psychological factors like stress

Symptoms of TMJ disorder:

When the jaw joint turns misaligned it can lead to many uncomfortable symptoms.
  • Back, shoulder and neck pain
  • Ringing or buzzing sounds in the ear
  • Dizziness
  • Facial or jaw pain, headaches, and migraines
  • Sore or sensitive teeth
  • Difficulty while eating
  • Jaw joint lock, unable to close and open the mouth
  • Pain while chewing

Treatments for TMJ disorder – Conservative method

Generally, TMJ is treated with conservative treatments as follows
  • Eating soft food
  • Using cold and hot pack on the neck and face
  • Regular exercise
  • Using anti-inflammatory and pain medicines
  • Stress reduction
  • Avoid using chewing gum in order to stay the jaw muscles stress-free

TMJ surgery is preferred only if

  • The conservative treatments fail to reduce pain
  • There is a strong advice that the surgery would benefit the patient
  • The advice is confirmed by getting the second opinion

Medications For TMJ disorder

  • Injecting Corticosteroids in the jaw joint to get temporary relief
  • Tricyclic anti-depressant works as a pain reducer
  • Muscle relaxants help to alleviate muscle spasms, relax face and jaw muscles
  • Using BOTOX injections to relieve pain caused by TMJ disorder
 Crystal Dental Centre, New Delhi provides a comprehensive dental treatment in International standards. Dr Rajesh Raveendranathan is a well-known TMJ specialist in Delhi and other TMJ doctors serve in the medical crew and treat the TMJ disorder patients successfully.
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